The project consists of three main activities, with belonging sub-activities.
- Creating the design of ESS for use in ports.
- Evaluating the recycling potential of lithium-ion batteries.
- Assessing the impact of the ESSs on electricity grid systems.
Activity 1 will gather the key life cycle requirements of the energy storage system (ESS) and create a conceptual design and dimensioning of the system. This Activity will also look at the modularity and mobility aspects of the ESS. The requirements gathering will reflect on the technical requirements, technological features and at regulatory constraints.
Activity 2 will evaluate the recycling economic value and recycling potential of selected Li-ion batteries. It will look at the deterioration curves of different Li-ion batteries and answer the question of which batteries can be reused in a commercially viable way (in addition to safe and environmentally viable).
Activity 3 will assess the potential grid impact and benefit of the ESS in the ports.